Advances in Life Science and Medicine
Volume 1 | Issue 1 | Pages 24-32
Neurophysiology of Exercise: Current State of Learning
Abhay Kumar Pandey
Exercise benefits to cognitive functions beyond physical performance are important for youth engaging in sports as well as the older people looking after themselves. Evolved neural circuitry and neurochemical render crucial modulation of exercise behaviour, relating persistence, resilience, motivation and fatigue. Environmental and genetic determinents appear contributing temperamental disposition toward exercise stress. Interplay of neurotrophic, neuroendocrine and neurotransmitter systems determines positive nervous impact of exercise. These mechanisms mediate resilience as well as neuropathology. The neurochemical and physiological changes are summarised from reported clinical and experimental investigations. The challenge is of devising specific exercise regimens suiting individual needs based on learning of exercise neurophysiology.
Keywords: Exercise, Neurophysiology, Adaptation